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KOLAM

India is rich in its culture and heritage.It is also a land of colours.This article of mine is about kolams.KOLAM is a form of drawing drawn as a ritual .It is believed that this practise prevails from ancient times,there is a mention about this during chola period too.

South Indians have this culture of drawing kolams in front of the house that is at the entrance.This practise prevails there in some parts India and also in some Asian countries too.Kolams are regionally known by different names in India,Rangolee in Maharashtra,Aripan in Mithila,Hase and Rangoli in Karnataka,Muggulu in Andhrapradesh and kolam in Tamilnadu.

Preparation:

We SouthIndians that too in a hindu family,it is a daily routine to clean front yard in the mornings and then draw kolams.It is not only a ritual but also health wise it is good.Women bend to sweep then bend for drawing kolams too.Bigger ones are drawn in front of the house and religiously smaller versions are done in pooja rooms.We draw it when it is damp.

Materials used:         

  In olden days mainly rice flour was used to  draw kolams because ants, birds will have their share from it.Nowadays on festival days or mainly  Tuesdays and Fridays some prefer to draw kolams using rice paste especially in their pooja rooms.Rice flour,powdered white stones, chalk powders are used. In addition to this people use turmeric and kumkum in their pooja rooms.Red brick powder is also used as a border.People living in apartments perfer to draw with chalk or color crayons and sometimes vinyl stickers are used instead of drawing regularly.Kolams  come in sheets decorated with stones.

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In the month of margazhi women  draw bigger ones some even prefer to use color  powders too.Each person will try to showcase their talents.Some people   keep pumpkin flower or shoeflower in it.The next month of Margazhi is Thai in tamil month .First day  is known as Pongal.Second day we celebrate siru veetu pongal those who keep the flowers  will celebrate this  Pongal.

Kinds of kolams:

There are different patterns for drawing kolams.Patterns which run around dots,then we have geometrical figures,we have objects drawn like ship, pots, lamps etc. Flowers,animals and birds too are drawn.Some draw simple patterns, or just draw straight lines,sikku kolam and even free hand drawing is done.

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Women calculate the dots that vary from one and another.The number of dots may be even or odd and sometimes increases or decreases according to the pattern.Even if a small dot is missed the entire kolam goes wrong.

Rangoli on the other hand have different colors in it. Flowers have brighter shades leaves have green tinch like wise according to the design colors are used.Gods and Goddesses are drawn in this method.

We keep lamps in kolams for festivals like Diwali and Karthigai.

In Kerala athapoo that is kolams with flowers are done for Onam.

Also another belief  is that when we draw kolams in front of the house it is for inviting Goddess Lakshmi.It is a fantastic ritual.Im also proud to say that I can perform such a wonderful task. This  habit is passed from one generation to another.

Your viewsplease.

Image source: Google

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Indian Jewellery(Bridal jewellery)

Indians especially south indian women are famous for wearing jewels from ancient time. The five epics in tamil literature itself proves this.Silapathikaram linked with anklets,Manimekalai to the bells in ottiyanam,kundalakesi to big earings, Valaiyapathi refers to bangles.

From head to toe we indians wear jewellery,some are very imporatant.

Nethichuti:

This is kept in the forehead.In the North they call it maang tikka.  A must for bridal make up.Nowadays close relatives of the bride and groom also wear this.It is kept as a single piece or with suryan and chandran on either side of the centre piece.

Nose stud:

Nosestud a small piece of jewellery connected to a short thin piece of metal that passes through the side of the nose.Nose rings are also worn.

Kai Vangi:

This is for the upper arm  that is above the elbow.

Bangles:

We wear in our hands.A function known as valaikappu is meant to bless a pregnant women,celebrate her fertility and ensure a safe child birth.It is believed that the bangles sound induces the childs senses.so people who attend the function wears bangles for  the pregnant woman.

Bracelete:

Worn around the wrist.Worn by both men and women.

Rings:

Rings  are worn in our fingers.These are given for different occassions.It may be for a pre-engagement, engagement or on the Big day  that is wedding.Wedding rings are a symbol of everlasting love between the two people.

Earings:

This includes anything from studs,hangings or jumkis according to the attire.For bridal dressing we wear with mattal that is a chain from ear to hair.

Necklaces:

Anything which we wear round the neck.chokers close to neck,then chains at different length.Traditional chain includes kasumalai,mallimottu, step chain, chain with lockets and many more.

Ottiyanam:

This is the belly chain.

Anklets:

BraceletWorn around ankle.This is  worn for centuries by girls and women in India.It is made of silver, gold and beads.Some use as a fashion jewellery.

Toe ring:

Also known as minchi,metti or bee-chee ya in hindi.It is worn in the second toe in both legs.Mostly worn on the day of wedding.It is a symbol of the married state by a hindu women.

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Picture courtesy:Google images.